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Breast Caner Gene Expression: Learn to Walk Before You Can Run

Breast Caner Gene Expression: Learn to Walk Before You Can Run

  • 12/3/2018 5:00:00 AM
  • View Count 4
Chelsea Goodenough, PhDFrom a young age, we are told “You have to learn to walk, before you can run.” Cell function is no different.Proteins dictate cell function, but what proteins are found in our cells are dictated by the messaging transcriptsthat code for their production. The amounts and types of those coding transcripts, known to scientists asmessenger RNA (mRNA), dictate protein levels and ultimately reflect cellular function. When the transcriptionrate of certain mRNA molecul...
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Muscle Atrophy Cures Found At The Supermarket

Muscle Atrophy Cures Found At The Supermarket

  • 5/28/2018 6:30:00 AM
  • View Count 315
Dylan Holly, M.Ed.Skeletal muscle is a complex tissue and while its primary job is to assist in movement, this is not its sole purpose. Muscle is also a major storehouse for energy in the form of amino acids and metabolic machinery responsible for much of our daily energy expenditure. The energy cost of muscle comes with a price. When subjected to an unloaded state such as bed-rest, immobilization, or microgravity, the muscle atrophies. In other words, the cross-sectional area diminishes and wit...
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Rho Kinase, an Important Therapeutic Target in Cardiovascular Health

Rho Kinase, an Important Therapeutic Target in Cardiovascular Health

  • 5/21/2018 6:30:00 AM
  • View Count 267
Song Yi Shin, M.S.Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the primary causes of deaths in the United States.Despite a number of research to prevent or cure CVD, it is still the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Numerous studies have found that exercise is very effective for prevention of CVD, however, there are many CVD patients who are not able to exercise at high intensity and certain duration required due to their pathological conditions or physical limits. Fortu...
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New Pharmacological Interventions For Space And Disuse Atrophy

New Pharmacological Interventions For Space And Disuse Atrophy

  • 5/14/2018 5:30:00 AM
  • View Count 258
Patrick Ryan, M.S.Physical inactivity, whether due to sedentary lifestyle or bedrest while recovering from injury or illness, is a significant detriment to overall health. In the short term, reducing activity results in muscle atrophy: the loss of both muscle size and strength. This problem not only applies to athletes who may be forced to reduce activity due to an orthopedic injury, or adults living a sedentary lifestyle, but is also a huge concern in regards to manned spaceflight.In low Earth ...
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Out Of Sight, But Not Out Of Your Brain

  • 5/7/2018 5:00:00 AM
  • View Count 296
Inchon Park, M.S.Well-coordinated behavior between the limbs is one of the remarkable abilities of human beings. Walking, running, and cycling are forms of highly coordinated simple cyclical motion. These kinds of movements require synchronized or alternated motion of the limbs. Bimanual movement is another good example of movements that are highly coordinated. Bimanual movements account for a substantial proportion of our daily life activities such as tying shoelaces, opening bottles, sending a...
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How to Stay Strong in Outer Space

How to Stay Strong in Outer Space

  • 4/30/2018 5:30:00 AM
  • View Count 1326
Dylan Holly, M.Ed.Skeletal muscle is a complex and dynamic tissue that can adapt to mechanical stress or lack thereof. Muscle is not only responsible for human movement in a three dimensional world but is also a major storehouse for amino acids and metabolic machinery. When subjected to an unloaded state typically seen in a bedrest, casted, or microgravity situation the muscle atrophies, or in other words wastes away. Along with this wasting comes a decrease in muscular strength and enduran...
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Vascular Aging And Its Counterpart: We Are All Getting Old

Vascular Aging And Its Counterpart: We Are All Getting Old

  • 4/23/2018 5:30:00 AM
  • View Count 338
Song Yi Shin, M.S.How can you improve your vascular health? You would undoubtedly answer that it is the exercise, and it is true. Your arteries deliver blood and oxygen to organs and skeletal muscle. When you start to exercise, your legs would need more blood to match the metabolic demands. At rest, a majority of your blood volume is in your veins. But during exercise, blood flow through tissues change dramatically, with 85% of blood going to your active muscles through arteries in hea...
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Can Exercise Protect Your Memory?

Can Exercise Protect Your Memory?

  • 4/16/2018 5:30:00 AM
  • View Count 351
Jing Chen, Ph.D.Aerobic exercise can help motor skill learning by protecting previously learned procedural memory from subsequent interference tasks (for example, subsequent declarative memory). The primary motor cortex may play an important role during this process. When we examine this has happened, we will perform three experiments to see if our hypothesis is true. In the first two experiments, we let participants perform procedural memory immediately followed by declarative memory or a ...
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"Unpacking" Muscles

"Unpacking" Muscles

  • 4/8/2018 7:00:00 AM
  • View Count 338
Jessica Cardin, M.S.Skeletal muscle has a high degree of plasticity that allows the tissue to respond to environmental cues (exercise, disuse, starvation, etc.). The majority of research has focused on the building of muscle. However, atrophy has vast implications across many disease states (cancer cachexia, renal failure, COPD, and Type II Diabetes). The understanding of how atrophy occurs as an "unpacking" process of the muscle fiber is limited. Pioneering research is important as it...
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More Homework Doesn't Make You Smarter

More Homework Doesn't Make You Smarter

  • 4/2/2018 6:30:00 AM
  • View Count 444
Yiyu Wang, M.S.In the real world, students are required to be competitive to face more challenges in the future as tension increases in energy, finance, territory and human resource. The huge amount of homework is assigned to students in order to help students achieve their goal and face a challenging future. Traditionally, teachers and parents believe that study achievement is equal to time spent in homework or assignments. People often overlook the function of physical...
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